Animal genetics focuses on immunogenetics, molecular genetics and functional genomics of model organisms such as mouse and rabbit or economically important animals such as cattle, poultry, and horses. Studies include mapping of genes, traits and quantitative trait loci, associations between genes and traits, variability at gene and protein levels, genetic diversity, and characterization of gene or protein expression and control related to phenotypic or genetic variation.
Following faculty members have ongoing research or research interests in animal genetics.
Biochemistry, sometimes called biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes within, and relating to, living organisms. By controlling information flow through biochemical signaling and the flow of chemical energy through metabolism, biochemical processes give rise to the complexity of life. Now almost all areas of the life sciences from botany to medicine are engaged in biochemical research. However, the main focus of pure biochemistry is in understanding how biological molecules give rise to the processes that occur within living cells, which in turn relates greatly to the study and understanding of whole organisms.
Following faculty members have ongoing research or research interests in biochemistry.
Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary field that develops and improves upon methods for storing, retrieving, organizing and analyzing biological data. A major activity in bioinformatics is to develop software tools to generate useful biological knowledge. Bioinformatics has become an important part of many areas of biology. For example, in experimental molecular biology, bioinformatics techniques such as image and signal processing allow extraction of useful results from large amounts of raw data. In the field of genetics and genomics, it aids in sequencing and annotating genomes and their observed mutations. It also plays a role in the textual mining of biological literature and the development of biological and gene ontologies to organize and query biological data.
Following faculty members have ongoing research or research interests in bioinformatics.
Biotechnology is the use of living systems and organisms to develop or make useful products, or any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms or their derivatives, to make or modify products or processes for specific use. Depending on the tools and applications, it often overlaps with the related fields of bioengineering and biomedical engineering.
Following faculty members have ongoing research or research interests in biotechnology.
Cancer research is basic research into biology of cancer in order to identify causes and develop strategies for prevention, detection, diagnosis, treatments and cure. Cancer research ranges from epidemiology, molecular bioscience to the performance of clinical trials to evaluate and compare applications of the various cancer treatment. These applications include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, Immunotherapy and combined treatment modalities such as chemo-radiotherapy. Lately, the emphasis in clinical cancer research shifted towards therapies derived from biotechnology research, such as immunotherapy and gene therapy.
Following faculty members have ongoing research or research interests in cancer biology.
Cell biology studies cells – their physiological properties, their structure, the organelles they contain, interactions with their environment, their life cycle, division and death. This is done both on a microscopic and molecular level. Cell biology research encompasses single-celled organisms like bacteria and protozoa, as well as the many specialized cells in multicellular organisms such as animals and plants. Knowing the components of cells and how cells work is fundamental to all biological sciences. Appreciating the similarities and differences between cell types is particularly important to the fields of cell and molecular biology as well as to biomedical fields such as cancer research and developmental biology. These fundamental similarities and differences provide a unifying theme, sometimes allowing the principles learned from studying one cell type to be extrapolated and generalized to other cell types.
Following faculty members have ongoing research or research interests in cell biology.
Developmental biology is the study of the process by which organisms grow and develop. Modern developmental biology studies the genetic control of cell growth, differentiation and morphogenesis, which is the process that gives rise to tissues, organs and anatomy, and even regeneration and aging.
Following faculty members have ongoing research or research interests in developmental biology.
Immunology is a branch of biomedical science that covers the study of all aspects of the immune system in all organisms. It deals with the physiological functioning of the immune system in states of both health and diseases; malfunctions of the immune system in immunological disorders (autoimmune diseases, hypersensitivities, immune deficiency, transplant rejection); the physical, chemical and physiological characteristics of the components of the immune system in vitro, in situ, and in vivo.
Following faculty members have ongoing research or research interests in immunology.
Microbiology is the study of microscopic organisms, either unicellular (single cell), multicellular (cell colony), or acellular (lacking cells). Microbiology encompasses numerous sub-disciplines including virology, mycology, parasitology, and bacteriology.
Following faculty members have ongoing research or research interests in microbiology.
Plant genetics deals with heredity, especially the mechanisms of hereditary transmission and the variation of inherited characteristics among similar or related plant species. Plants are photosynthetic, eukaryotic, multicellular organisms of the kingdom Plantae characteristically producing embryos, containing chloroplasts, having cell walls which contain cellulose, and lacking the power of locomotion. There has been a revolution in the plant biology in the past twenty years. The completion of the sequencing of the genomes of rice and some agriculturally and scientifically important plants has increased the possibilities of plant genetic research immeasurably.
Following faculty members have ongoing research or research interests in plant genetics.
Structural biology is a branch of molecular biology, biochemistry, and biophysics concerned with the molecular structure of biological macromolecules, especially proteins and nucleic acids, how they acquire the structures they have, and how alterations in their structures affect their function. This subject is of great interest to biologists because macromolecules carry out most of the functions of cells, and because it is only by coiling into specific three-dimensional shapes that they are able to perform these functions.
Following faculty members have ongoing research or research interests in structural biology.